Footnotes for Unit 8 - Water Resources

  1. U.S. Geological Survey, "The Water Cycle: Evapotranspiration,"
  2. Bridget R. Scanlon et al., "Global Impacts of Conversions from Natural to Agricultural Ecosystems on Water Resources: Quantity versus Quality," Water Resources Research, vol. 43, W43407 (2007).
  3. Jonathan Harr, A Civil Action (New York: Random House, 1995). For a retrospective on the case (including the hydrologic evidence) by a local journalist who covered it, see Dan Kennedy, "Take Two," The Boston Phoenix, January 1–8, 1998,
  4. Thomas J. Feeley and Massoud Ramezan, "Electric Utilities and Water: Emerging Issues and R&D Needs,", p. 2.
  5. United Nations Environment Programme, GEO: Global Environment Outlook 3 (London: Earthscan, 2002), pp. 150–177,
  6. For a map of the world's 114 largest watersheds, see World Conservation Union, "Watersheds of the World,"
  7. World Water Council, "Water at a Glance,"
  8. World Water Council, "Evolution of water withdrawals and consumption since 1900,"
  9. World Health Organization, "Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Links to Health: Facts and Figures,"
  10. Leonard F. Konikov and Eloise Kendy, "Groundwater Depletion: A Global Problem,”" Hydrogeology Journal, vol. 13 (2005), p. 317.
  11. Texas Water Development Board, 2007 Draft State Water Plan,, p. 3.
  12. University of California Cooperative Extension, "Irrigation Management Water Quality FAQs,"
  13. Sujay S. Kaushal et al., "Increased Salinization of Fresh Water in the Northeastern United States," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 102, September 20, 2005, p. 13517.
  14. National Research Council, Clean Coastal Waters: Understanding and Reducing the Effects of Nutrient Pollution (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2000).
  15. World Health Organization, Emerging Issues In Water and Infectious Disease (Geneva, 2003), (quote on page 7).
  16. For an example, see New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, "Seven Total Maximum Daily Loads for Total Coliform To Address Shellfish-Impaired Waters in Watershed Management Area 17, Lower Delaware Water Region," February 21, 2006,
  17. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "List of Drinking Water Contaminants & MCLs,"
  18. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "State Actions Banning MTBE (Statewide),"
  19. U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy, An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century (2004),; Pew Commission on Ocean Policy, America’s Living Oceans: Charting a Course for Sea Change (2003),

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