Footnotes for Unit 5 - Human Population Dynamics
- J.P. Holdren and P.R. Ehrlich, "Human Population and the Global Environment," American Scientist, vol. 62 (1974), pp. 282–92.
- Joel E. Cohen,
How Many People Can the Earth Support? (New York: Norton, 1995), pp. 212-36, 261–62.
- Dudley Kirk, "Demographic Transition Theory,"
Population Studies, Vol. 50, No. 3 (November 1996), pp. 381–87.
- In popular usage, "fertility" means what demographers call "fecundity." This chapter uses "fertility" as demographers do.
- Joseph A. McFalls, Jr., "Population: A Lively Introduction,"
Population Bulletin, December 2003, p. 5.
- Population Reference Bureau,
2006 World Population Data Sheet,
http://www.prb.org/pdf06/06WorldDataSheet.pdf, pp. 5, 9.
- Ibid., pp. 5–10.
- Joel E. Cohen, "Human Population Grows Up,"
Scientific American, September 2005, pp. 48–55.
- A technical note: 2.1 is the long-run replacement level when the baby-boom generation has aged and the overall age structure
has stabilized. Before then, a population can continue to grow with the total fertility rate at or below 2.1, depending on
its age structure, a manifestation of the concept of population momentum described earlier.
- David E. Bloom and David Canning, "Booms, Busts, and Echoes,"
Finance & Development, September 2006, p. 13.
- Paul Harrison and Fred Pearce,
AAAS Atlas of Population and Environment (Berkeley: American Association for the Advancement of Science and University of California Press, 2000), p. 7.
- John C. Caldwell, James F. Phillips, and Barkat-e-Khuda, "The Future of Family Planning Programs,"
Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 33, No. 1, March 2002, p. 2.
- Lant Pritchett, "Desired Fertility and the Impact of Population Policies,"
Population and Development Review, Vol. 1, No. 20, March 1994, pp. 1–55.
- United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision, Population Database,
- Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, "China Now No. 1 in CO
2 Emissions; USA In Second Position," press release, June 19, 2007.
- United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT),
State of the World's Cities 2006/7 (London: Earthscan, 2006), p. viii.
- Ibid., p. 5.
State of the World's Cities 2006/7, p. 5.
- United Nations Statistics Division,
- Nancy Birdsall and Steven W. Sinding, "How and Why Population Matters: New Findings, New Issues," in Nancy Birdsall, Allen
C. Kelley, and Steven W. Sinding, eds.,
Population Matters (Oxford University Press, 2003), p. 14.
- "Banking the 'Demographic Dividend,'"
Rand Policy Brief, RB-5065-WFHF-DLPF-RF (2002); David E. Bloom and Jeffrey Williamson, "Demographic Transitions and Economic Miracles in Emerging
World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 12, No. 3 (1998), pp. 419–55.
- Ronald D. Lee and Andrew Mason, "What is the Demographic Dividend?"
Finance & Development, September 2006, pp. 16–17.
- Jeffrey D. Sachs, "Can Extreme Poverty Be Eliminated?"
Scientific American, September 2005, pp. 56–65.
- William Easterly,
The White Man's Burden: Why the West's Efforts To Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good (New York: Penguin, 2006), p. 7.
- U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Tobacco-Related Mortality," fact sheet, September 2006.
top of page