- When a spontaneous reaction drives a nonspontaneous reaction.
- The amount of disorder in a system. Statistically, the more microstates that make up a macrostate, the more entropy that macrostate has.
- The state of maximum thermodynamic stability of a chemical reaction. While the reaction is still occurring in the forward and the reverse directions, there is no macroscopic evidence of changing amounts of products or reactants.
- A mathematical expression of the relative amounts of products and reactants when a reaction is at equilibrium.
Gibbs free energy
- The value that indicates the thermodynamic stability of a system. All systems spontaneously move toward a minimum in Gibbs free energy.
- In statistical mechanics, the overall distribution and thermodynamic properties of particles within a given system.
- In statistical mechanics, the specific distribution and thermodynamic properties of particles within a given system.
- Referring to the direction of a process that proceeds toward thermodynamic instability.
- The energy associated with a spinning object.
- A process that proceeds toward thermodynamic stability.
- Equations describing how particles distribute themselves in predictable ways, despite each particle moving around randomly.
- The kinetic energy of a particle moving in a straight line.
- The energy possessed by a substance due to the vibration of chemical bonds.
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