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America's History in the Making

Resource Archive: Search Results

Dividing the National Map

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Unknown. DIVIDING THE NATIONAL MAP (1860). Courtesy of the Library of Congress.

Creator Unknown Political Cartoonist
Context The election of 1860 was a four-way race in which sectional sentiment ran very high.
Audience Voters
Purpose To persuade voters to support John Bell and the Constitutional Union Party

Historical Significance

The 1860 election was one of the most divisive and confusing in U. S. history. The Democrats split along sectional lines. The northern wing nominated Stephen Douglas while the southern wing nominated John Breckinridge. Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln, who opposed the expansion of slavery and succession. Former southern Whigs who opposed the Democratic Party but found Lincoln too radical formed the Constitutional Union party, which nominated John Bell.

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