Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum
Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum
|Creator||Alfred Rudolph Waud|
|Context||The Memphis Riot of 1866 occurred at a time when former Confederates were taking blatant and often violent steps to dominate former slaves.|
|Audience||The educated public, particularly in the North|
|Purpose||To elicit sympathy for the plight of former slaves|
The hopes of former slaves and Confederates often collided in the years immediately following the Civil War.
On May 1, 1866 Memphis police arrested the black driver of a horse drawn hack who was involved in an accident with one driven by a white man. African Americans who were recently discharged from the Army objected to the arrest, and whites—including policemen and firemen—responded with an onslaught of violence. Three days later, at least forty-six blacks and two whites were dead, several black women had been raped, and hundreds of black people's homes, schools, or businesses had been wrecked.
This riot and a subsequent one in New Orleans drew Northerners' attention. This drawing is from Harper's Weekly, a magazine that often called for a stronger federal presence in the South.