Winter Count

Creator: Lrobably Battiste Good, a member of the Brule Dakota

Context: This document was created around 1900 at a government agency in South Dakota where the Brule Dakota tribe was living after having been forced from their lands by white settlers and the U.S. Army.

Audience: The Brule Dakota tribe.

Purpose: This artifact is a descendant of the traditional "winter count," which recorded the significant events of the tribe each winter through pictographs.

Historical Significance: This winter count reveals how this Native American tribe viewed its conflicts with the white settlers. It also reflects the blending of white and native cultures through Good's use of Arabic numerals.