Creator: Thomas Nast
Context: Nast, the most famous illustrator of the era, drew this cartoon in 1868 when he thought President Andrew Johnson would be impeached. However, it was not published until 1869, when Johnson's term had ended.
Audience: The readers of Harper's Weekly, a popular magazine that reached many middle-class and wealthy Americans of the 1860s.
Purpose: When drawn in 1868, its purpose was to forecast the impeachment of Johnson. By the time it was published in 1869, Johnson was already out of office, so it was used to condemn Johnson's actions during his presidency.
Historical Significance: This cartoon, which compares Johnson to Julius Caesar, reveals the hatred many politicians felt toward Johnson in the years after the Civil War.