Indians in Sugar Mill

Creator: Theodore de Bry

Context: This 1590 engraving was produced by de Bry in response to illustrate the mistreatment of the Native Americans by the Spanish in North America.

Audience: European Protestants who would oppose the actions of Spanish Catholics in the New World.

Purpose: To criticize the actions of the Spanish in North America.

Historical Significance: This picture is one of a series produced by de Bry, who had never been to North America and had little actual knowledge of what was occurring there. Despite his lack of information, these pictures shaped European conceptions of the New World for generations to come.