Creator: Unknown Navajo artist
Context: This drawing, located in the Canyon de Chelly in Arizona, presents the Navajo version of a Spanish expedition to suppress the Navajo. It is probably the Narbona expedition, which happened in 1805.
Audience: The local Navajo community.
Purpose: To recount an attack on the Navajo by the Spanish and their guides the Utes, a plains tribe that had previously warred with the Navajo over land.
Historical Significance: This pictograph is one of a small number of historical artifacts that helps us to understand the native perspective of the conflicts between the Indians and the Spanish.