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William Apess - Selected Archive Items
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 John Eliot, The Holy Bible Containing the Old Testament and the New. Translated into the Indian Language (1663),
courtesy of Annenberg Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania.
Commonly known as "The Eliot Bible," this was the first Bible published in New England and appeared over one hundred years before the first complete English edition of the Bible was published in the American colonies. It is written in the language of the Massachuset and Wampanoag Indians. John Eliot, the "Apostle to the Indians," composed his text to serve the cause of Native American conversion to Puritan Christianity, putting his faith in Native American redemption through their direct exposure to God's word.
 Anonymous, Goffe Rallying the Men of Hadley [in Defense of Indian Attack During King Philip's War, Hadley, Mass., 1675-76] (1883),
courtesy of the Library of Congress [LC-USZ62-75122].
Villages in western Massachusetts were subject to attack by Indians during King Philip's War, an event that challenged the viability of English settlement in New England and led many to question why they had fallen so far from God's favor and to wonder at the potential coming of the apocalypse.
 John Foster, Woodcut map of New England (1677),
courtesy of the American Antiquarian Society.
This map is from William Hubbard's The Present State of New-England, Being a Narrative of the Troubles with the Indians, printed and published by Foster in Boston in 1677.
 Arch C. Gerlach, editor, Map of Early Indian Tribes, Culture Areas, and Linguistic Stocks, from The National Atlas of the United States, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Geological Survey (1970),
courtesy of the General Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin.
The Cherokee Nation originally lived in the southeastern part of what is now the United States, but after the unsuccessful petitions of the Cherokee Memorials, they were removed to present-day Oklahoma.
 Samuel Occom, A Sermon Preached at the Execution of Moses Paul, an Indian (1772),
courtesy of T. & S. Green.
This was the first text written and published by a Native American in English. It went through ten editions in the ten years after it was published.
 William Apess, Eulogy on King Philip (1837),
courtesy of the Reed College Library.
This eulogy defied the traditional white interpretation of King Philip and sought to highlight the wrongs perpetrated by the Pilgrims.
 Anonymous, Philip [sic] Alias Metacomet of the Pokanoket (between 1850 and 1900),
courtesy of the Library of Congress [LC-USZ62-96234].
This full-length portrait of Metacomet shows him holding a rifle, with other Indians and mountains in the background.
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