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Samuel de Champlain - Selected Archive Items
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 Anonymous, The Battle of Ticonderoga (1609),
courtesy of the Library of Congress [LC-USZ62- 108526].
This illustration depicts the French explorer Samuel de Champlain and his Native American allies fighting the Iroquois on the Ticonderoga Peninsula in 1609. As seen in the illustration, Champlain's mechanical firearms overpowered the Iroquois.
 Samuel de Champlain, Illustration from Les Voyages du Sieur de Champlain Capitaine Ordinaire pour Le Roy en la Nouvelle France en Années 1615 et 1618 (1619),
courtesy of the Robert Dechert Collection, Annenberg Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania.
This engraving, made during one of Champlain's voyages, shows Huron funerary practices.
 Samuel de Champlain, Carte Geographique de la Nouvelle Franse . . . Faict Len 1612 (1612),
courtesy of the Osher Map Library, University of Southern Maine.
Samuel de Champlain mapped the region from the St. Lawrence Valley through the Georgian Bay and Lake Ontario and along the Atlantic coast to Cape Cod between 1603 and 1616. This map, which uses Native American mapping techniques, shows Lake Ontario and Niagara Falls.
 Samuel de Champlain, Sketch of Wampanoag Wigwams at Plymouth (1605),
courtesy of the John Carter Brown Library, Brown University.
The Wampanoag, meaning "Eastern people," probably numbered around 12,000 just before contact. They lived in small bands in beehive-shaped huts loosely clustered into villages, as shown in this sketch. English settlers in the Plymouth colony originally modeled their dwellings after these highly efficient native homes but soon abandoned them in favor of more "proper" British-style housing.
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